An analysis of developing good values in disciplining children

If a child, for example, has a feisty temperament, or a temperament that expresses emotion in a highly intense way, then discipline strategies of using time-outs would be ineffective because of the clash of discipline strategy to the child's temperament trait.

Why is it important to discipline your child

Encouragement Encouragement represents the reinforcer response in the behavioral model. Families with few socioeconomic resources often perceive physical punishment as more favorable than non-physical alternatives and achieve better behavioral control using it. For the infant, this may involve redirection or distraction. Environmental Factors Environmental factors, such as socioeconomic conditions, cultural views, ethnicity, religiosity and neighborhood composition, influence the effect on the child of disciplinary measures. Examples: Natural: A toddler disobediently runs from a parent on a sidewalk and with an accidental fall skins a knee. Parental attention to the child is a powerful reinforcer of behavior. A response is called a reinforcer encouragement if it increases the likelihood of the desired behavior occurring again in the future; it is called a punisher correction if it decreases the likelihood of the behavior occurring again. Share this:. For the older child, instruction will be understood and a volitional decision to comply or defy will consciously be made. They behave in an accepting, benign, and somewhat more passive way in matters of discipline. The responses are characterized by what they teach the child.

Inept parenting practices, which include noncontingent positive and negative reinforcers, mean coercive child behaviors are unwittingly reinforced. For instance, they rarely assign their children chores.

effects of child discipline

It's just that they believe their children should live their own lives, as free of parental control as possible. New York. Children may be told to stand in the corner "corner time" or may be sent to their rooms for a period of time.

Types of child discipline

During the preoperative stage of development, ages years, the child acts from an egocentric perspective with limited ability to distinguish between his own point of view and those of others. J Marriage Fam. Poverty, parenting, peer, and neighborhood influences on young adolescent antisocial behavior. Conclusion The disciplinary process is influenced by many factors; some that are controlled by the parents and others that depend entirely upon the child and his or her environment. The regular use of any single form of discipline becomes less effective when used too often, a process psychologists call habituation. In extreme cases, indifferent parents may be neglectful. J Fam Psych. The study noted that abusive physical punishment tended to be given by fathers and often involved striking the child's head or torso instead of the buttocks or limbs. The effects of spanking in African American families are generally beneficial to children, unless it is used excessively, either in severity or in frequency.

In extreme cases, indifferent parents may be neglectful. Children are perceived to know what they want but not necessarily what is best for them.

Child discipline statistics

The parent-child relationship is the most foundational determinant of moral internalization as it influences the application of all measures of discipline. Inept parenting practices, which include noncontingent positive and negative reinforcers, mean coercive child behaviors are unwittingly reinforced. Corporal punishment prohibited in schools only Corporal punishment not prohibited Legality of corporal punishment in Europe Corporal punishment prohibited in schools and the home Corporal punishment prohibited in schools only Corporal punishment not prohibited in schools or in the home In many cultures, parents have historically had the right to spank their children when appropriate. Children may be told to stand in the corner "corner time" or may be sent to their rooms for a period of time. Pediatric Clinics of North America. Natural and logical consequences can be effective modifiers of behavior, and with timely occurrence they may preclude the need for any additional corrective action by the parent. They place a high value on the development of autonomy and self-direction, but assume the ultimate responsibility for their child's behavior. A time-out involves isolating or separating a child for a few minutes and is intended to give an over-excited child time to calm down. Disciplining children: verbal instruction and reasoning. Am J Dis Child. Children are perceived to know what they want but not necessarily what is best for them. Environmental Factors Environmental factors, such as socioeconomic conditions, cultural views, ethnicity, religiosity and neighborhood composition, influence the effect on the child of disciplinary measures. Share this:. Primary Author: Den A.

This paper explores the multifactorial process of child discipline. Family matters: Family structure and child outcomes. For the older preschooler, reasoning and privilege removal will begin to be effective, and with the adolescent, grounding and work duty or monetary penalties are usually sufficient to achieve compliance.

Child discipline articles

Effects of marital conflict on children: recent advance and emerging themes in process-oriented research. If hitting a sibling results in attention from a parent using verbal reasoning, it may actually increase this undesired behavior. Baumrind argues that "The cultural context critically determines the meaning and therefore the consequences of physical discipline. During the preoperative stage of development, ages years, the child acts from an egocentric perspective with limited ability to distinguish between his own point of view and those of others. Four types have been identified: authoritative parents, authoritarian parents, indulgent parents, and indifferent parents. Journal of Family Psychology. Developmental Psychology. Many Eastern countries typically emphasize beliefs of collectivism in which social conformity and the interests of the group are valued above the individual. J Fam Psych. These traits do not come naturally to the infant, toddler or preschooler, but through the disciplinary process a child will acquire them to some degree. It was not until that Delaware became the first state to pass a statute defining "physical injury" to a child to include "any impairment of physical condition or pain. Textbook of Pediatrics, Fourteenth Edition. Examples: Natural: A toddler disobediently runs from a parent on a sidewalk and with an accidental fall skins a knee.
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Child discipline