An introduction to the issue of multiple personality disorder
Multiple personality disorder causes
It described the possible occurrence of alterations in the patient's state of consciousness or identity, and included the symptoms of "amnesia, somnambulism, fugue, and multiple personality". He also asserts that Piper and Merskey have cherry-picked data and not incorporated all relevant scientific literature available, such as independent corroborating evidence of trauma. MPD remains highly controversial among psychiatric professionals. Among those with DID in the U. This was found to be mostly an involuntary phenomenon with seldom memory of the event. Researchers constructed a two-stage survey and factor analyses performed on the survey elements found 51 factors common to complex PTSD and DID. This belief also implies that those with DID are more susceptible to manipulation by hypnosis and suggestion than others.
Is Multiple Personality Disorder Real? It has been suggested that all the trauma-based and stress-related disorders be placed in one category that would include both DID and PTSD.
Split personality disorder meaning
Researchers constructed a two-stage survey and factor analyses performed on the survey elements found 51 factors common to complex PTSD and DID. Can Multiple Personality Disorder be Cured? Clin Psychol Rev. Reading example essays works the same way! Distinguishing DID from malingering is a concern when financial or legal gains are an issue, and factitious disorder may also be considered if the person has a history of help or attention seeking. Third, according to Criterion B, individuals with dissociative identity disorder may have recurrent gaps in recall for everyday events, not just for traumatic experiences. Dissociative identity disorder among adolescents: prevalence in a university psychiatric outpatient unit; pp. While some patients may initially present with a large number of alters, this number may reduce during treatment—though it is considered important for the therapist to become familiar with at least the more prominent personality states as the "host" personality may not be the "true" identity of the patient. This included male dressing, language, a perception of male body parts, choices of friends, and attraction towards females, including sexual behavior. Definitions[ edit ] Dissociation , the term that underlies the dissociative disorders including DID, lacks a precise, empirical, and generally agreed upon definition. First, the change emphasizes the main problem is not a multitude of personalities, but rather a lack of a single, unified identity  and an emphasis on "the identities as centers of information processing".
More severe and pathological forms of dissociation often occur as reactions to very stressful events such as war, death, abuse and other forms of trauma. Under normal conditions people are able to recall most everything they experience.
One of her alternate personalities behaved as a seven-year-old child and would show the same interests and choices that included becoming moody or a self-arrogant personality. There was a change in voice and behavior. Long-term, residential care can also be a very effective option.
The patient was prescribed escitalopram to reduce her anxiety symptoms.
All content published within Cureus is intended only for educational, research and reference purposes. She reported that she had anxiety during a personality state transition, as it could occur at any time, and involuntarily, but mostly in stressful situations and during substance abuse.
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