Antebellum reform movements essay

Ronald G.

Reform movements of the 1800s timeline

Pioneering members of society helped advocate for human rights, social reform movements and actuate formal academic training in becoming a qualified Social Worker. I am convinced that a plethora of those references would derail the books flow and progress. Braunstein also offers the technological growth of the pornography industry and the emerging gay-rights movement which was linked with the disco culture. For them slavery had to be ended immediately, not gradually, without compensation to masters and with freed slaves remaining in the United States. At the same time, a dynamic American economy created a new class of men and women with the leisure time and financial resources to devote to reform movements. The years between —the year that marked the end of the War of —and did indeed produce a remarkable flowering of movements dedicated to improving society, morals, and individuals. The second of this trio of best-known antebellum reforms was a new, more radical anti-slavery movement that emerged by the early s. Answer The reform movements that arose during the antebellum period in America focused on specific issues: temperance, abolishing imprisonment for debt, pacifism, antislavery, abolishing capital punishment, amelioration of prison conditions with prison's purpose reconceived as rehabilitation rather than punishment , the humane treatment of animals, the humane and just treatment of Native Americans, the establishment of public institutions for the care of the destitute, orphans, blind, and mentally ill, the establishment of public schools, the abolition of tobacco use, vegetarianism, health reform, homeopathic medicine, woman's rights including, at first, especially the establishment of a woman's right to own property apart from her husband and her right to sue for divorce , and the amelioration of labor conditions including higher pay, the right to form unions, the right to strike, and the demand for limits on the number of work hours, and safe working conditions. Some reformers though, had more specific ideas. Placing anti-slavery within the sisterhood helps us to see both what was and what was not distinctive about it, as well as begin to address the larger question of why certain periods in American history provide especially fertile ground for reform movements.

Their proliferation was the product of a convergence of multiple changes in American life, none of which necessarily caused the explosion of reforms, but all of which, taken together, enabled and shaped it.

On those issues, abolitionism was both part of a band of sister reforms and a movement that went well beyond them. The Era of Reform Question The years between and in the United States might be described as one long era of reform, marked by the predominant desire to purify individuals and society at large.

Antebellum political reform

His goal was the "moral regeneration of the business world. This early 20th century reform movement pursued control of the government to the people. However, there were always those that frowned upon the new changes in society. Beyond their successes and failures, insights and blind spots, antebellum reform movements put on the table a question of enduring relevance: In a political system like ours, with many layers and much inertia, what is the role of social movements that try to push the country one way or another? Many reformers and humanitarians strived for success with their reforms. This is not a later interpretation of what the self-declared reformers were up to, but was often expressed by the leading reformers themselves, who were individually attuned to philosophical and political trends in Europe, especially in France, Germany, and England, as they evolved after the radicalism of the French Revolution, and the resulting efforts there to abolish monarchies and long-established religious authorities. This was a disadvantage because what the government said is what was done Three of these movements remain especially well known. The latter was based on the idea that proper diet—a severely vegetarian one—could eliminate illness and produce moral human beings. The advance of the welfare state reflected period-specific needs and was heavily influenced by changes in the national economy. Improvements in transportation—especially steamboats, canals, and railroads—made it easier to send lecturers and publications—including abolitionists, other reformers, and their writings—far and wide. They discovered, however, a paradox at the heart of this effort—autonomous people were wayward and often needed to be coerced into egalitarian reform, which meant that a larger authority, such as the State, needed to negate individual autonomy in order to bring about an egalitarian society. Where colonizationists placated slaveholders and included them in their ranks , abolitionists condemned them as sinners. Social groups, notably the gray panthers, raised on federal remedies. America was growing larger, and with the expanding population, many new ideas sprang up.

The years between —the year that marked the end of the War of —and did indeed produce a remarkable flowering of movements dedicated to improving society, morals, and individuals. Urban growth and an expanding economy, moreover, produced a new middle class with a level of financial comfort and leisure time necessary to engage in reform.

Antebellum reform movements essay

In this paper I will discuss the history of social welfare policies and its influence on families. His goal was the "moral regeneration of the business world. Social and economic change also provided a psychological context for reform. Use of voluntary associations also reflected a feeling among some—especially the most radical abolitionists—that elected officials were part of the problem, not the solution. Thousands of families throughout the whole country make up the movement, most of them victims of the land and propriety speculation predatory action. Instrumentally the Baroque era introduced the sonata, symphony and concerto in which there was a small group of instruments accompanying several soloists. Wealthy families could afford to send their children to private school or hire tutors to come to their home. This introduced a utopian, millenialist, perfectionist strand into the reform movement, and was responsible for the innumerable small and large efforts to "come out" of the larger society and set up smaller enclaves or utopian communities, such as the well-known Brook Farm community in Massachusetts. If multiple changes came together after the War of to produce the Sisterhood of Reforms, they did not determine how antebellum reformers tried to change the world or what they regarded as the main thing wrong with it. When glanced together, there may initially seem to be little connection between these various different movements.

This convention addressed the inequalities of gender difference among many events especially marriage. These two parties had very different views on the role of the federal government on the economy and social reform.

antebellum reform movements lesson plans

Even within a movement like abolitionism, there was widespread disagreement over tactics and goals. Several cultural movements reformed American society. All these causes did not arise at the same time, but were added or fully articulated one by one.

Although not all evangelicals were reformers, and not all reformers were evangelicals, the Awakening put the power of religion behind a belief that individual men and women could change the world, rather than passively accept as inevitable whatever fate held in store, as their ancestors often had done.

Progressives believed that government could be used as a powerful tool for social improvement Gillon, Matson Are they safety valves that release discontent without necessarily addressing its root causes?

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Antebellum Reform Movements essays