Internal and external contextual factor for curriculum development
The development of any new program has to be financed from existing available resource, therefore before a new curriculum can be devised or for the revision of previous curriculum the committee has to look at what and how much it is going to cost for this to be implemented successfully.
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Social factors affecting education policy
Tools are needed for the evaluation of students in the laboratory, simulation, and real-patient environments. Similarly, corporations and their representatives have become involved in influencing education policy at local, state, and federal levels, in their pursuit of employees who possess the skills and knowledge needed by a productive workforce. Additionally, the nursing workforce shortages may pressure programs into admitting more students without the guarantee of quality practice placements for students. All the different members that make up the faculty should be considered, whether they are clinicians, preceptors, guest speakers or support staffs, because of their involvement, perspectives and contributions that they may have regarding curriculum development. The ability to accurately read the emotional facial expressions of others is fundamental to successful human interaction. Facing the Challenges The following approaches can be utilized to manage the challenges in ensuring practice readiness: Shared accountability lies with provincial governments, regulatory bodies, educational institutions and healthcare organizations; Understanding the complexity of the issues may provide some basis upon which to move toward greater inter-sectoral collaboration in the preparation, transition and integration of new graduates; Focus more on transitional plans rather than a discourse about practice readiness that too easily becomes a politicized debate about responsibilities and accountabilities; and The need to acknowledge that the capacity of new graduate nurses to move beyond stable, predictable, and familiar practice comes with experience and life- long learning. One has to look at other resources such as technology, staffs, books and space Fostett, n. While it may be easy to evaluate progress throughout a single course, it is more challenging to evaluate progress throughout the program.
The second one is external environmental factors. Market competitiveness 3. Changing and Complex Healthcare The changing nature of healthcare may be the greatest contributor to practice readiness challenges. Professional associations in the forefront of the development of national standards for mathematics, science, and technology would lead national and local efforts to implement the standards, as well as work with elected officials and leaders to build a consensus in support of institutionalizing standards-based reforms.
For example, education and professional associations and their government relations representatives lobby federal and state lawmakers regarding policy decisions, including financial allocations. Internal consistency 2.
Accountability: Education vs. The U.
Educational factors that influence reform
Individually and through organizations such as the Business Roundtable, businesses offer advice to elected officials regarding educational policies. Prior to the revision, or development of any curriculum, the curriculum developers must carefully consider several factors in order to have a successful outcome. In summary, these two elements — what is being negotiated and the contextual environment — are important in determining what type of justice procedural justice, distributive justice or transitional justice will have a positive effect in an international negotiation proceeding. Another very important and crucial factor that can have major influence on the development of curriculum is the infrastructure; this refers to the many essentials that form the makeup of the nursing school and educational institution. Some influential leaders who view education as the key to a stronger economic future have promoted new accountability initiatives and provided incentives to stimulate improvements in schools. The challenges noted above, influenced by multiple contextual factors have attributed to the following issues surrounding determining practice readiness. One has to look at other resources such as technology, staffs, books and space Fostett, n. In addition to curricular diversity among programs creating confusion about the capabilities of new graduates, employers are challenged in determining the types of orientation and support structures required for new graduates Wolff et al. Discrepancy in Values: Questioning the Status Quo Differences between the educational backgrounds of new graduates and experienced healthcare staff create a discrepancy in values that may be perceived as lack of practice readiness. Students are vital because without them there would be no need for a nursing school and thus no curriculum. Tools are needed for the evaluation of students in the laboratory, simulation, and real-patient environments. Widespread U.
Challenges to Evaluation of Practicum Progress Rapid expansion of healthcare knowledge has resulted in theoretical and practical difficulties in evaluation. One has to look at other resources such as technology, staffs, books and space Fostett, n.
As new graduates enter the work force and are socialized alongside experienced staff, they may appear as unprepared for the practice if they challenge the status quo. And, since the s, governors have acquired increasing authority and influence regarding governance of state-level education systems Fuhrman and Elmore, ; Stricherz,
Internal and external contextual factor for curriculum development
Clinical courses require the evaluation of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor skills of progressively increasing complexity. Describe the three main goals of compensation departments. Get Essay Some factors are demographic, professional standards and trends, social-politico economic, health care and culture. Changing and Complex Healthcare The changing nature of healthcare may be the greatest contributor to practice readiness challenges. Educational Backgrounds: Changing and Diverse New healthcare professionals may graduate from a variety of educational backgrounds. New graduates are educated in a system that values critical thinking and questioning, are committed to the profession rather than the employer , and are intolerant of patriarchal and subservient healthcare systems. References You may also be interested in the following: time context example How to cite this page Choose cite format:. Civil rights groups may lobby state legislators for changes in education funding to ensure that all children have access to high-quality teachers and learning opportunities. Click on the link. As to be expected in schools with curriculum development, when there is a lack of resources it becomes a major concerns to all stakeholders. The first one is internal factors. Individually and through organizations such as the Business Roundtable, businesses offer advice to elected officials regarding educational policies. As tactical tool, justice at this point is a double edged sword. Those planning and designing the program has to have knowledge of how much money the school has and the cost of running the school and how much has to be allocated and to where.
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