In India, the majority of bonded laborers are Dalits Untouchables and Adivasis indigenous tribespeople. Others fall victim to traffickers or recruiters who unlawfully exploit an initial debt assumed, wittingly or unwittingly, as a term of employment. In North Korea, dulgyeokdae youth workers are often forced to work in construction and inminban women workers are forced to work in clothing sweatshops.
It stems historically either from conquest, where a conquered person is enslaved, as in the Roman Empire or Ottoman Empireor from slave raiding, as in the Atlantic slave trade or Arab slave trade.
These issues, taken together, may be symptoms of a situation of domestic servitude.
Fair use. Female victims of forced or bonded labor, especially women and girls in domestic servitude, are often sexually abused or exploited as well. In chattel slavery, the enslaved person is considered the personal property chattel of someone else, and can usually be bought and sold.